Adultery may make a difference in your divorce regarding your financial settlement/judgement, to include support and the distribution of marital debts and assets.

Laws vary in each state, so it's important to speak with a local attorney in order to get legal advice based on your state's statutes. 

What is a divorce settlement?

A divorce settlement details the final legal terms of the divorce negotiated between a husband and a wife, often with the help of a mediator or attorney(s). Upon signing the divorce settlement and upon acceptance by the court it's incorporated into a document, often referred to as a Divorce Decree.  It's the formal, legal dissolution of a marriage. 

It's very difficult to appeal the final judgement, especially if it was reached through a settlement agreement.  A modification to the final judgement may be possible if specific changes (e.g. illness, job loss, moving, etc.) occur after the divorce is finalized.

Common ways to reach a settlement?

If you and your spouse have not already decided on the settlement details, unless legally advised otherwise, you can negotiate all terms of the settlement yourselves and have your attorney(s) complete the legal paperwork and filing.  This can save a great deal of time, frustration and money.  Otherwise, you can each hire attorneys to represent you in the negotiations and/or hire a mediator or arbitrator.   The court must approve the settlement before it becomes the Final Judgement of Divorce. 

If there's still a breakdown in negotiations, then a court battle is the next and final means. The judge will make decisions related to specific issues the couple can not agree upon or decide all of the terms of the divorce.  The cost is usually much higher, both emotionally and financially, when the divorce goes to trial.

How does adultery affect the settlement/judgement?

Often, the affect of adultery on a settlement is technically minimal since the terms are being established by both spouses.   However, it's likely to cause the spouse who was cheated on to be less "giving" on the terms of the settlement which could cause the case to go to court.  If it does, then the state laws will be applied, which may make the adultery more relevant in the overall judgement.  Adultery generally does not affect child custody.

Keeping in mind that each state's laws vary (e.g. some states are no-fault states), the information below provides the basics regarding the affect on the Final Judgement of Divorce when adultery has occurred and/or is part of the petition.  Only a licensed legal attorney can give you specifics as they are relevant to your case and state statutes.

Adultery Fast Facts

    • A spouse who did not commit the adultery may make negotiating much harder on the spouse who did.  This may make reaching a settlement cost more, take longer and require litigation.
    • Adultery is generally less of a consideration (when decided by a judge) in deciding support and the distribution of assets than are the financial considerations of each spouse.
    • The positive financial impact is nominal on the judgement and many consider it to be counterproductive when considering the extra time and money to add adultery as grounds for the divorce, if contested.  Most times it will only be considered in the division of assets rather than a larger financial award.
    • If your state is a no-fault state or you have elected a no-fault divorce within your state, than the "injured party" does not need to prove the adultery.
    • Infidelity can be considered in financial settlements, asset allocation, child custody and spousal support.
    • If the case goes to court, the judge will divide property and assets fairly and in many cases, equally (heavily dependent on if the case is in a community property state or equitable distribution state).  However, if a spouse has compromised the couple's assets, such as a joint bank account, through the adultery, such as using the couple's assets to make purchases for a girlfriend or boyfriend of the cheating spouse, then those funds could be considered in negotiating a settlement or when decided by a judge, with a greater amount awarded to the "injured party" for reimbursement.
    • Adultery does not need to be the grounds for divorce in order to receive an increased alimony award based on the adultery.
    • Many times the affect of the adultery is based on the judge's subjective opinion and more favorable, overall award to the plaintiff or "injured party", rather than a specific amount noted in the terms of the divorce on the basis of the infidelity.
    • Most no-fault states will consider adultery, if applicable, in determining if alimony should be awarded and it's amount.
    • In most cases a wife's spousal support or child support won't be affected or reduced if she was unfaithful.
    • Adultery is rarely considered in child custody cases.
    • An adulterous spouse can still get custody of a child if he/she shows to be a satisfactory guardian for the child.
    • A court can consider failing to grant custody of a child to a parent who has been neglectful of a child due to adultery.

-OurDMK.com



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